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San Juan


Founded by Father Antonio Sepp, its ruins are located in the city of Entre-Ijuís.



It was the first cast iron Thirty Peoples.
Says the testimony of the founder himself:

I learned, by the way, with no architect how a people must be drawn. But I have traveled many countries and provinces that I realized how many villages, towns and European villas have been built almost by its founders and how their successors have expanded without the system (…) I wanted to avoid these and other errors and methodically draw my people, according to the rules of urbanism. The first condition which must comply with was the measurement and demarcation of land for the construction of houses with string surveyor (…) In the center I had to align the square, dominated by the church and the house of pastor. Hence they should leave the streets, always equidistant from each other. A good distribution in this sense meant an extraordinary advantage and at the same time, the best adornment for the people. The priest may thus viaticar his parishioners of the quickest and easiest way (…) The square was four feet wide and five hundred feet long. On both sides of the church tower, as in an amphitheater, the houses of the Indians, forming rows properly adjusted (…) From the square out the four main streets built in a cross shape, measuring sixty width meters and over a thousand, and lead the field in all directions … “

Fundador de la primera fundición de hierro de los treinta pueblos.

The description by the Sepp Father of the founding of San Juan Bautista has a tone markedlystaff, without thereby ceases to be real. The design concept of reducing prevailing idea of order and rationality, with a very specific sense, as is to permanently assist people in their needs.This location also had the greatest missionaries corals. Father Sepp Orchestra was formed withReduction tools developed itself and is considered the largest archaeological heritage of Brazil. theFather Sepp dominated the music, architecture, urbanism, clock, painting and sculpture. It was followed by 2,832native people of San Miguel reduction. Work on the church began in 1708, when there were3,400 people inhabiting the aldeamiento. Under the guidance of Sepp this reduction showed high level of cultural activity.Sepp was also a geologist and mineralogist, first extracting the iron of the Missions, by various objects and even village church instruments. His first work was the watch with carillon installed in the steeple of the church, giving the hours, paraded by the counter 12 Apostles.

Status: Its ruins are located in the city of Entre-Ijuís.