San Juan


Founded by Father Antonio Sepp, its ruins are located in the city of Entre-Ijuís.



It was the first cast iron Thirty Peoples.
Says the testimony of the founder himself:

I learned, by the way, with no architect how a people must be drawn. But I have traveled many countries and provinces that I realized how many villages, towns and European villas have been built almost by its founders and how their successors have expanded without the system (…) I wanted to avoid these and other errors and methodically draw my people, according to the rules of urbanism. The first condition which must comply with was the measurement and demarcation of land for the construction of houses with string surveyor (…) In the center I had to align the square, dominated by the church and the house of pastor. Hence they should leave the streets, always equidistant from each other. A good distribution in this sense meant an extraordinary advantage and at the same time, the best adornment for the people. The priest may thus viaticar his parishioners of the quickest and easiest way (…) The square was four feet wide and five hundred feet long. On both sides of the church tower, as in an amphitheater, the houses of the Indians, forming rows properly adjusted (…) From the square out the four main streets built in a cross shape, measuring sixty width meters and over a thousand, and lead the field in all directions … “

Fundador de la primera fundición de hierro de los treinta pueblos.

Status: Its ruins are located in the city of Entre-Ijuís.