San Jose


Founded by Pedro P. Romero in 1633 in the region of Tapé



Founded by Pedro P. Romero in 1633 in the region of Tapé


Department Apostles Province of Misiones – Argentina – Latitude S 27 46′-Longitude W 55 45 ‘

Access: 41 km from Posadas by Route 105, then 3,000 mts consolidated local road


Historian Paul Pastells account in his “History of the Campaign of Jesus” that
Jesuit reduction San José was founded in 1633 near the Serrania del Tapé fleeing Mamluk and Brazilian Portuguese, transmigrate in 1638 on the eastern banks of the Parana. According to Felix de Azara reduction in 1660, he moved to the final where he settled, NE of the headwaters of the stream Pindapoy in the mountainous region of Tabiapú. But do not have details of the point where the reduction was planted between 1638 and 1660.
However, they were found writings that describe the general Jose Gervasio Artigas crossed the Parana Paso San Jose, port extinct Reduction San Jose in the early port Annunciation and Santa Cruz de Itapúa, on the left bank of Paraná river.

For these references can be deduced that the reduction of Itacuatía San José, the Toropi River in Tapé of 1638-1660 was temporarily settled in the suburbs of the unsuccessful reduction of the Annunciation of Our Lady of Itapúa, where today is located the city of Posadas, capital of Misiones Province.

Estado actual

Vestiges status: Set wholly in private land. There imposing walls in elevation. This is a reduction in the predominant constructions and wall bricks. Temple are very few traces, but is recognizable plan. Takes on special importance crypt, whose access is evident at ground level in the sacristy of the Temple. The sector of the chancel, vestries, sides and front with stairs is recognizable by the rather high mounds of adobe. La Residencia (traversed by a country road) and the Workshops are intact with its crumbling adobe walls, including being able to distinguish internal divisions.
In the area of Housing sixteen rows, which have their bases of stone and adobe mounds can be observed. La Huerta preserved walls in some sections in elevation.
The set has a great archaeological value. Redeemable several strips of Housing, Residence and workshops, the Crypt of the Temple, the Presbytery, the sacristy, and part of the Garden. Given the diversity of traces that are scattered in the area also imposes a museum rescue. The road network is one of the valuable components of the set, mainly San Jose for being the nexus of communication between peoples and uruguayenses Paraná.